Dr. Mele discusses Cosmetic Plastic Surgery on Body Beautiful – September 12, 2017, at Noon.
Hey San Francisco Bay Area. Body Beautiful will be broadcast this Tuesday, September 12, at noon. You may not have noticed, but KRON 4 was acquired by Nexstar. The good news is that they have decided to continue Body Beautiful, so I’ve got new Plastic Surgery News to share with you.
Body Beautiful on KRON 4
KRON 4’s Body Beautiful with Vicki Liviakis and yours truly on the San Francisco Bay Area’s News Station.
I have been doing Body Beautiful live for the last 10 years. The original show was with host Vicki Liviakis, and we would take viewer calls live, on the air. It certainly added excitement. Since we were on the air live, even the “unusual” questions had to be answered.
The latest version of Body Beautiful with host Janelle Marie.
Now Janelle Marie is the host, but the format remains the same. This week’s show was taped last week. Maybe KRON’s new management was a little nervous about an amateur, me, on the air live. But don’t worry, you can still submit questions for the show via email or the contact form here in the margin.
This Week’s Body Beautiful Discussion
This week’s show is dedicated to four Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Procedures:
The links above will take to more detailed information about these procedures.
Body Beautiful Airs Tuesday At Noon
Body Beautiful will be broadcast this Tuesday, September 12, at noon. Be sure to tune in or set your DVR. I you miss it, don’t worry. I will be posting the segments from the show here, and the San Francisco Plastic Surgery Blog and on my YouTube channel.
SanFranciscoBreast.com has been completely updated. This update includes new content, and it is artfully illustrated with new breast enhancement videos and more before and after pictures. In addition, the fresh content is wrapped in a new skin, improving navigation for the small screen and the desktop alike.
New Breast Augmentation Information
The site includes new pages featuring the most requested Breast Enhancement Procedures. For example, the Breast Augmentation Information has been exploded into a dozen detailed pages including:
The Breast Lift section includes details about five main options for Mastopexy. There are also pages dedicated to the combination of Breast Lift using Breast Implants and Areola Reduction.
Breast Reduction for Women and Men
Options for Breast Reduction for Women are also reviewed, as several techniques have evolved during the 20+ years I have been in practice. Breast Reduction for Men, also known as Gynecomastia Reduction, is covered with attention paid to the causes and the most current treatments available.
Specialty Breast Procedures
A section on the often overlooked details of Breast Enhancement is also included. San Francisco Breast’s Specialty Breast Pages include:
Inverted Nipple Correction
Other Congenital Breast Abnormalities
A Plastic Surgery Web Site Dedicated to Breast Enhancement
I have tried to create an all inclusive Breast Enhancement site designed to provide detailed information about the many Plastic Surgery options available for Breast Enhancement, whether that be Breast Enlargement, Breast Reduction or Breast Reshaping.
While the San Francisco Breast web site in meant to provide information, it is just a starting point. The Internet cannot take the place of a thoughtful, in-person consultation with a qualified Board Certified Plastic Surgeon. If you would like to schedule a private, personalized consultation appointment call (925) 943-6353 today. My San Francisco Bay Area Plastic Surgery clinic specializes in helping you obtain the best possible results.
The Mommy Makeover is the most popular, and one of the most satisfying, combination cosmetic plastic surgery procedures. With the ability to reshape the breast and flatten the belly, the Mommy Makeover is the procedure of choice to rejuvenate the female form after pregnancy or weight loss.
This Wednesday, June 7, 2017, I will be on the San Francisco Bay Area’s News Station, KRON 4’s Body Beautiful. The show airs live at noon. As usual, the discussion is focussed on the latest Cosmetic Plastic Surgery News for the San Francisco Bay Area.
Body Beautiful Plastic Surgery Topics
This week’s half-hour television show discusses Cosmetic Plastic Surgery of the Body. Planned topics include:
The Mommy Makeover Before and After Pictures that leads this post demonstrate the most popular combination cosmetic plastic surgery. By combining Breast Augmentation and Tummy Tucks, the two areas the often sag after pregnancy, the breasts and the belly, are both addressed. Of course, the procedures can be performed without having had children. The term Mommy Makeover was coined because of the frequent request from mommies to repair the damages of pregnancy on their breast and bellies. Another common situation in which Mommy Makeovers are performed is significant weight loss.
EDIT – The first Plastic Surgery Video segment on Mommy Makeovers is up and live right here: Mommy Makeover Video.
Breast Augmentation Mastopexy (Breast Implants with Breast Lifts)
Breast Augmentation remains the most popular single plastic surgery procedure. Breast implants can provide volume, and as many as 40% of patients also benefit from a breast lift. Breast lifts can improve breast shape in ways the Breast Augmentation alone cannot.
Breast Augmentation is still one of the most frequently performed cosmetic plastic surgery procedures, but what happens if the breasts are saggy, or the nipple is very low on the breasts? Breast Augmentation in these situations may provide larger breasts, but not necessarily perky ones. As many as 40% of Breast Augmentations combine some sort of Breast Lift. The most common reasons for this are low set nipples or saggy breasts due to excess skin.
Additional procedures can also be added to correct other breast problems, Fine details of the breasts that are often targeted for improvement are: Areola Reduction, the improvement of Breast Asymmetry, Breast Implant Revision for women who had Breast Implants before pregnancy and Inverted Nipple Repair. Breast Reduction, perhaps paradoxically, can also be combined with Breast Augmentation Mastopexy when heavy lower breast tissue is distorting the shape of the breasts.
Brazilian Buttocks Lift
The fastest growing procedure is the Brazilian Butt Lift. The procedure takes fat from areas where it is not desired and repurposes it, to enhance the shape of the buttocks.
A newer body procedure is allowing Board Certified Plastic Surgeons to shape an area that traditionally has been difficult. The Brazilian Buttock Lift (BBL), allows us to remove fat with Liposuction and reuse it to enhance the buttock contours. Pioneered by Brazilian Plastic Surgeon, Ivo Pitanguy, the procedure allows for customized augmentation of the buttocks, and shape that is more pleasing to the eye than Buttocks Implants can provide.
Thigh Lifts in the SF Bay Area
The Thigh Lift is used most often after weight loss. Excess skin and fat from the inner thigh is removed to reduce the size of the thighs and tighten the skin.
Thigh Lifts are one of the less frequently performed cosmetic plastic surgery procedures. The numbers have risen in response to Bariatric Surgery and the massive weight loss associated with it. As weight is lost, the thigh skin that is stretched during weight gain becomes loose. As the volume of the thigh decreases, so does the support that the extra fat provides the thigh skin. As a result, the skin can hang like drapery. The Thigh Lift removes this excess skin, and helps to tighten the thigh, especially the upper, inner thigh.
Watch Body Beautiful June 7, 2017, on KRON at Noon Wednesday
If you are interested in learning more about any of the above procedures, I have provided links in this post, and I encourage you to watch me live on KRON 4, this Wednesday at noon. Segments from the show will be posted here, on the San Francisco Plastic Surgery Blog, in the coming days. So if you miss the live show, you can still catch up here or on my local San Francisco Plastic Surgery Web Sites.
Internet education can be very helpful, and it is the goal of the San Francisco Plastic Surgery Blog; however, because information on the Internet is designed to apply to the general population, it is generic in nature. Medical advice cannot be giving without the personal contact that an in-person consultation appointment provides. To get “brand name” plastic surgery information, tailored to your specific needs, call my San Francisco Bay Area Plastic Surgery Clinic today, at (925) 943-6353, and schedule an appointment to get your personal, Board Certified Plastic Surgery information.
Mastopexy Augmentation is the combination of Breast Augmentation and Breast Lift. When is Breast Augmentation alone enough? When is a Breast Lift the best choice? When should a combination of Breast Augmentation Lift be performed? It’s a big subject, and requires an in-person consultation for your specific needs, but some general rules for the procedures are explained below. There are many options, so be certain to consult with a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon before making the decision.
Breast Augmentation Lifts Come in May Sizes
Breast Augmentation with Breast Lift was used to enlarge the breasts, elevate the nipple and tighten the breast skin, especially the skin that hangs at the bottom of the breasts. The technique used, a horizontal breast lift, does not require the vertical scar seen in the anchor or inverted-T type breast lifts.
Breast Augmentation lifts, like the breasts themselves, come in many shapes and sizes. When the shape of the breast is good, but a larger version is desired, Breast Augmentation with a Breast Implant is often enough. When the size of the breast is good, but the breast tissue sags, a Breast Lift alone may be enough. The exception in this case is when there is no upper pole fullness, often seen as gapping of the upper bra. A small implant may be beneficial to add a bit of volume to the upper breast in these cases. When the breasts are small and saggy, the Breast Augmentation Lift is the procedure of choice.
The case above is an unusual lift in that a periareolar (defined below) and an inframammary incision (hidden in the crease beneath the breasts) were used, but there is no vertical scar. The “Horizontal Breast Lift” is great for breasts that have bottomed out or for breasts with more extreme sagging.
Breast Augmentation Lift for Tubular Breast
Smaller Breast Lifts require smaller scars. In the case above, a periareolar scar was used to reposition the nipple and reshape the breasts. Periareolar literally means “around the areola”. The areola is the pigmented skin that surrounds the nipple. While this does provide the smallest scar, it does the least. It tends to flatten the end of the breast and it is not great for reducing the size of the areolae.
The Breast Augmentation and Breast Lift combination with the smallest scar is the Periareolar Mastopexy Augmentation. An incision around the areola is used to raise the nipple and insert the Breast Implant. In the above case, the flattening effects of the periareolar lift are exploited to help reshape these tubular (tuberous) breasts.
For cases of Tuberous Breasts, flattening of the shape of the breast is a plus. It can be used to prevent the puffy nipple from sticking out like a cherry on top of a sundae. This patient’s breasts are narrow at the base, and the constriction gives a narrow, elongated, tubular breast. The Breast Implant helps to round the breast out, but it may not correct the areola when it is puffy.
Bigger Sagging, Bigger Problems, Bigger Breast Aug Lifts
For patients with severe postpartum breast involution (shrinkage), and for patients after massive weight loss, the breast volume has left the building, leaving only a loose, empty flap of skin. Breast Augmentation Lifts are the only solution to this problem. Breast Implants are used to restore the breasts’ volume, and it is combined with a Breast Lift to restore the breasts’ shape.
Severely deflated breasts, like those seen above after massive weight loss, need more volume and bigger lifts. An Anchor shaped scar was needed to raise the nipple, remove the overhanging lower breast skin and to tighten the breast skin in the horizontal direction, too.
Often, I will see on the Internet the misconception that if a big enough implant is placed, you will not need a lift. This is not true. Imagine an implant, the size of the one used above, placed under the skin of the pre-op picture. The breast would be the same size; however, the loose skin holding the nipple would hang off the end. In the above case, only a Breast Lift can correct the problems with the breasts’ shape, nipple position and excess skin at the bottom of the breast.
More Scar = Happier Patient?
The ultimate goal of Cosmetic Plastic Surgery is a happy patient. So how can more scar lead to a happier patient? It all depends on the circumstances. If a scar is not needed, then more scar is bad. I have had patients on the borderline of needing a lift elect to not have lift because of the extra scar. Some are happy with their decision of not completely correcting the sagging, and not having extra scars. Others have come back for a Breast Lift after their Breast Augmentation, and are much happier now, after the Breast Lift. Staging does make it easier to see what each procedure has to offer the final result.
The main goal of Cosmetic Plastic Surgery is a pretty result. The Breast Augmentation Lift allows for control of both the size and the shape of the breasts. The cost is additional scar. In this case, an Inverted-T scar was needed.
Above, an inverted-T Breast Lift was performed along with placement of a Breast Implant. A periareolar lift would have left the nipples low, the areolae much larger and the end of the breasts flat. A vertical lift would not have tightened the lower pole sufficiently, or coned the shape of the breast as beautifully. In my experience, the incision underneath the breasts is well hidden. By keeping its length short, the scar will hide in the shadow under the breasts.
Breast Augmentation Lift Consultations
If you are considering a Breast Augmentation, Breast Lift or the Combination Augmentation Mastopexy, be certain to consult an experienced Board Certified Plastic Surgeon. While there are advantages to combining the procedures, it is also more complicated than both procedures done separately.
If you are in the San Francisco Bay Area, give me a call at (925) 943-6353, and schedule a private comprehensive consultation. Your options will be reviewed and the best course selected to optimize you breast aesthetics.
Breast Augmentation remains the most popular cosmetic plastic surgery procedure year after year. Breast Implants enlarge small breasts, whether you were born with small breast, lost breast volume with weight loss or your children have sucked the life out of your breasts. Capsular Contracture can interfere with good results, but before I explain what Capsular Contracture is, I need to discuss Breast Augmentation and normal healing.
How Do Breast Implants Stay In Place?
During Breast Augmentation surgery, the Breast Implants are carefully positioned. A pocket is made, often behind the pectoralis major muscle, to the dimensions required. The size of the pocket is determined by the dimensions of the breast implant used, and the implant is determined by your anatomy and the amount of augmentation desired.
What is the Breast Implant Pocket?
Breast Augmentation depends of the formation of a proper Breast Implant Pocket for the best results.
After Breast Augmentation surgery, your body will naturally form a pocket, lined with collagen, that encapsulates the breast implant. Ideally, the capsule is tight enough to keep the implant from moving, but not so tight that the augmentation feels hard.
With Breast Implants, Size Matters
The size and shape of the Breast Implant is important to get the optimal breast shape. Your cosmetic result is determined by a combination of a good plan, good surgery, good healing and little good luck doesn’t hurt either.
A Good Plan is formulated before surgery, during your consultation appointment. It should be tailored to your anatomy and your goals. Good communication is critical. It takes teamwork to get a good result, so the best way to start your Breast Augmentation journey is with an experienced plastic surgeon whom with you communicate well.
Good Surgery is only possible after a good plan is agreed upon. Just like the consultation, there is teamwork involved with the surgery, too. As the patient, you have to prepare yourself properly before surgery, and after surgery, you need give your body time to heal and adjust to the breast implants. The surgeon is responsible for the actual Breast Augmentation procedure. While exact results can never be guaranteed, choosing an experienced, Board Certified Plastic Surgeon maximizes the predictability and safety of your procedure.
Most patients have Good Healing. The majority of healing is how your body responds to the procedure. Following your surgeon’s postoperative instructions and cooperating with their aftercare helps improve your outcome. Each surgeon will have individual variations in care, depending on the technique they use, their experience and most importantly, you. The Internet is unlikely to provide you with a better plan, so any knowledge you receive online, even from the San Francisco Plastic Surgery Blog, should be discussed with your surgeon prior to implementation. Even if you are my patient, I will construct a specific plan for you. Given the specifics of your situation, I will adapt your surgery to you, rather than the generic Internet breast aug patient.
The Breast Implant Pocket
When it comes to great results, the Breast Implant Pocket is second only to selecting the proper implant in importance. The proper breast pocket supports the breast implant and protects it. The pocket needs to be both in the proper place and of the proper size. A pocket in the wrong position means your implant is in the wrong position, but the size of the pocket matters equally.
With Breast Pockets, Size Matters Too
A pocket that is the wrong size will diminish your results. A pocket that is too large results in a implant that moves around too much. The implants in a pocket that is too large may fall under your armpits when you lay down, or bottom-out when you stand.
When the Breast Implant Pocket is too big, the breast implant does not have sufficient support. The result is breast implant malposition with Bottoming-Out when standing. A capsulorrhaphy was performed to close the lower pocket and increase the breast implant’s support.
A pocket that is too small squeezes the implant, and makes it immobile. A tight pocket makes the breast implant feel hard and may over time move the implant away from its ideal position. When this happens it is called Capsular Contracture.
So, Capsular Contracture is when the normally helpful breast implant pocket becomes too tight. It is one of the most common reasons for Breast Augmentation Revision. Unfortunately, it is also one of the most unpredictable problems associated with Breast Implants.
Capsular Contracture results in a compressed breast implant that looks, smaller, feels harder and in the worst case scenario hurts. A capsulectomy and breast implant exchange was performed to provide this patient with softer, larger, painless breasts that look and feel better.
Treatments for Capsular Contracture vary with the problems it is causing. Thin, tight capsules can often be opened by dividing them with a Capsulotomy. Thick, tight capsules may require complete removal with a Capsulectomy. Sometimes replacement of the breast implant is recommended, and sometimes ADM patches are recommended, to help prevent recurrence of the Capsular Contracture.
If you are considering Breast Augmentation, or if you have breast implants and are considering Breast Augmentation Revision Surgery in the San Francisco Bay Area, give me a call at (925) 943-6353. A brief consultation appointment is usually all that is needed to review the details of your case and to formulate a plan that makes sense for you.
Breast Augmentation remains on top of the list as one of the most popular Cosmetic Plastic Surgery procedures year after year. With hundreds of thousands of women receiving Breast Implants every year in the United States, it is no wonder that Breast Augmentation Revision has become its own area of specialization.
What is Breast Revision Surgery?
Breast Revision Surgery is any surgery on the breasts to repair or improve the appearance of a previous Breast Augmentation. The urgency ranges from completely elective to an emergency. It can be caused by aging, pregnancy, changes in weight, changes in goals or changes caused by the breast implants themselves. Some of the more common reasons for Breast Augmentation Revision Surgery are covered in the video and text below.
Breast Implant Revision Surgery Video
Below is a segment from a recent Body Beautiful appearance. This video about Breast Implant Revision Surgery first appeared on the San Francisco Bay Area’s New Station, KRON 4.
Breast Augmentation Revision Surgery Video (Breast Implant Revision)
Breast Augmentation Revision to Change Breast Implant Size
There are many reasons for Breast Implant Revision Surgery. Changing size is one of the most common, and usually the desire is to Enlarge Breast Implant volumes. After pregnancy, weight loss or aging, the breast may shrink. Increasing the size of the Breast Implants may be all that is needed to restore both breast shape and confidence. Sometimes, however, the goal is to Decrease Breast Implant volumes, and rarely, Breast Implant Removal is desired. When downsizing or removing the Breast Implant, it may be necessary to perform a Breast Lift to obtain the best possible results.
Breast Implant Revision for Capsular Contracture
Hardening of the Breast Implants occurs when the normal scar pocket that holds the implant in place becomes too small. The tight pocket squeezes the Breast Implant causing firmness, increased projection, decreased diameter and sometimes discomfort. The medical term for this is Capsular Contracture. Most of the time, the breasts can be softened with release (capsulotomy) or removal (capsulectomy) of the capsule as an outpatient procedure.
Breast Implant Revision for Deflation
A deflated Breast Implant needs to be fixed. Breast Implant Replacement is most common, though sometimes a patient will elect to remove her Breast Implants instead. For Saline Breast Implants, the diagnosis is simple. The breast will quickly return to its non-augmented size. The body quickly absorbs the saline, and it is eliminated as easily as when we drink extra water.
For Silicone Gel Filled Breast Implants, the diagnosis is harder, because the gel is not absorbed. New, highly cohesive breast implants, have an extremely low risk of gel migration, so the gel most often stays in the capsule and maintains the breast fullness. Often, an MRI is needed to diagnose a leaking silicone gel implant, but even this is only 90% accurate. If an MRI shows that your silicone breast implant is leaking, it should be removed and, if desired, replaced.
Breast Augmentation Revision for Malposition
Breast Implant Malposition means the implant is in the wrong position. It can be too high, too low, too medial (to the center) and too lateral (to the side). Often, the capsule requires modification in these cases to encourage the Breast Implant to stay in the proper place. Implants that are too large, or soft tissue (skin, breast of muscle) that is too thin, can make management more difficult. Breast Implant Malposition is one of the items discussed on the Breast Revision page of DrMele.com.
Breast Augmentation Revision Surgery Consultations
There are many reasons for Breast Implant Revisions. If you are considering surgery to improve the results of your Breast Augmentation, be certain to seek a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon with years of experience, like Dr. Joseph Mele.
To schedule a personalized Breast Revision Consultation call (925) 943-6353 today.
Body Beautiful is a half-hour television show dedicated to the latest in Cosmetic Plastic Surgery. Frequently asked questions about Thigh Lifts, Male Breast Reduction, Breast Augmentation Revision Surgery and Tummy Tucks are answered and illustrated with numerous before and after pictures.
Past Body Beautiful Episodes Available Here
Previously aired KRON 4 Body Beautiful episodes are available here on the San Francisco Plastic Surgery Blog. As of this post, 120 Plastic Surgery Videos are available. Click on Videos under Categories in the left column. Most of the latest and more popular Cosmetic Plastic Surgery procedures are reviewed. Most shows were broadcast live, and many answer questions called in by viewers. In the coming weeks, tomorrow’s show will also be added. Videos may also be viewed on Dr. Mele’s YouTube Channel.
More Information Available On Line and In Person
More Plastic Surgery Information is available here and on the other websites listed under Useful Links in the margin. While every attempt is made to provide accurate information, there is no substitute for a private, in-person consultation. Call (925) 943-6353 to schedule your personalized consultation appointment.
The popularity of Botched was confirmed this week when the E! Network announced the Plastic Surgery reality show has been renewed for a second season.
Botched will be Unbotching again next year.
If you haven’t watched Botched, the show features two Plastic Surgeons on a quest to revise bad plastic surgery results with a liberal sprinkling of interesting personalities.
Life is What Happens to You While You’re Busy Making Other Plans
Perhaps you’ve heard the quote above. It is often attributed to John Lennon, but it seems Allen Saunders said it first. Life also happens to Plastic Surgery, sometimes literally, in the form of pregnancy. The Mommy Makeover is named after the procedures, Breast Augmentation and Tummy Tuck, combined to repair the breast and belly damage that pregnancy can cause.
The Mommy Makeover – When you’re unhappy with what life does to your body, there is something that can be done.
Breast Augmentation Revision After Pregnancy
Many patients who become pregnant after Breast Augmentation have no problems, especially if they were small before getting Breast Implants. For others, life happens to their beautiful results. The Breast Augmentation Revision Before and After Photos below show what can happen, and how it can be unbotched.
Breast Augmentation Revision can lift the breasts back onto their Breast Implant after postpartum sagging causes them to fall down.
The photo on the left shows the result that pregnancy can have on otherwise perfectly fine Breast Augmentation. The breast tissue, in front of the implant, responds naturally by enlarging for lactation. Once breast feeding stops, the breast tissue atrophies, leaving loose saggy skin. This would happen with or without a Breast Implant, but in this case with Breast Implants, the breasts have fallen off their implants. After a Breast Lift and Breast Implant Replacement, a much perkier result is obtained.
Capsular Contracture Can Happen Too
Most Breast Implants remain soft and mobile; however, when the pocket around the implant shrinks, the result can be a firm breast, that often rides up. The good news is the tightness can be released.
Capsular Contracture release can improve the feel and location of the Breast Implant.
The Capsular Contracture Release Before and After Pictures above show how elevated breast implant malposition can be corrected by removing or expanding the tight Breast Implant Capsule.
Sometimes Enough is Too Much
Sometimes Breast Implant Malposition is the result of too big an implant and too little support. The woman below had Breast Augmentation with a Breast Lift. Unfortunately, her Breast Implant was too heavy for her skin. The result was bottomed out breasts and an angry scar.
Heavy Breast Implants can stretch out the breasts and cause bottoming out. Downsizing and a Breast Lift with Scar Revision can often help.
In the Breast Augmentation Revision Before and After Photos above, the angry scar was revised, the breast was lifted again and a smaller Breast Implant was selected. The result is a superior shape, contour and feel. While there can be no guarantees in life, the chances of bottoming-out again are reduced by the reduced weight of the new implants.
Botched Breast Implants Can Be Unbotched
If you are unhappy with your Breast Augmentation, you don’t have to go to Beverly Hills and visit the Botched doctors for help. The San Francisco Bay Area is not only the site of the first Plastic Surgery training program west of the Mississippi, it remains home to two of the most competitive plastic surgery programs in the United States. You have many Board Certified Plastic Surgeons to choose from.
About The Author
With 20 years of experience with Breast Augmentation and Breast Augmentation Revision, Dr. Joseph Mele is a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon with the ability to get results. If you would like to schedule a personal consultation, give his Walnut Creek Plastic Surgery office a call at (925) 943-6353.
Gynecomastia can be a source of embarrassment for men both in and out of clothing. Over developed breasts can be obvious through a shirt, so men with Gynecomastia avoid tight shirts and often wear multiple layers to obscure the appearance of their enlarged breasts.
Causes of Gynecomastia
The are many reasons for Gynecomastia. The most common reason is natural hormonal changes. This can be seen in newborns, adolescents and men. Newborn Gynecomastia usually resolves within two to three weeks after birth, as the influence of the mother’s estrogen wanes. Adolescent Gynecomastia is very common, but also can resolve in one to two years, as surges in hormones seen with puberty level off. Adult Gynecomastia can either be unresolved adolescent gynecomastia, or may develop later in life. According to the Mayo Clinic, Gynecomastia peaks between the ages of 50 to 80, and at least 1 in 4 men are affected.
Gynecomastia Video – Male Breast Reduction
The Gynecomastia Video below was made for KRON4’s Body Beautiful television show. This segment focuses on the latest treatments available for Male Breast Enlargement. Options like Liposuction and Surgical Excision are discussed and illustrated with multiple Gynecomastia Before and After Pictures.
The (415) number displayed during the video was only for the live broadcast. If you have questions about Male Breast Reduction, or would like to come to my office for a private consultation about Gynecomastia Reduction, call (925) 943-6353, or use the contact form in the column on the left. Other postings on Gynecomastia are available by clicking Breast Reduction (Men) under “Categories” to the left.
Male Breast Reduction Video from KRON4
Medications and Gynecomastia
Many common medications are linked to the development of Gynecomastia including:
Anti-androgens like flutamide, finasteride (Proscar, Propecia) and spironolactone (Aldactone)
Anabolic steroids and androgens
AIDS antiretroviral therapy (HAART) especially Efavirenz (Sustiva)
Anti-anxiety medications like diazepam (Valium)
Ulcer medications like cimetidine (Tagamet)
Chemotherapy, especially for Prostate Cancer
Heart medications like digoxin (Lanoxin) and calcium channel blockers
Other Health Conditions
Other Medical Conditions can also contribute to the development of Gynecomastia including:
Hypogonadism (Klinefelter syndrome or pituitary insufficiency)
Tumors of the testes, adrenal glands or pituitary gland
Liver failure and cirrhosis
More Gynecomastia Treatment Information
More Gynecomastia Information is available on the San Francisco Plastic Surgery Blog and my other web sites; however, if you want specific information, a private consultation is the best way to get it. Call (925) 943-6353, or use the contact form in the column on the left.
On April 12, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, used a space capsule like this to become the first human in orbit. That same year, the first breast implant was developed by American plastic surgeons Thomas Cronin and Frank Gerow.
Whenever a breast implant is used for breast augmentation, your body makes an encapsulating sheet of scar that lines the breast implant’s pocket. This normally thin, soft scar is called the “capsule”, and it is incredibly important in maintaining your breasts’ enhancement.
Have you ever wondered how breast implants stay in place?
The capsule is responsible for keeping the breast implants in the proper position beneath the breasts. It forms in just a few weeks after breast augmentation surgery and keeps the breast implants from freely sliding around. Optimal breast implant position is a combination of careful placement during surgery and a proper capsule. The capsule will quickly line the surgical pocket and provide a smooth, strong interface between the breast implant and the soft tissues of the chest. By reinforcing the pocket, the capsule helps to maintain optimal breast implant placement.
The capsule protects the breast implant.
Not only does the capsule help keep the breast implant in position, it also protects the implant. The interior of the capsule is smooth and allows for nearly frictionless movement within its boundaries. The outer layers of the capsule provide enhanced vascular circulation and helps protect the breast implant from infection.
When good capsules go bad.
So what can go wrong with breast implant capsules? The perfect capsule is firm enough to maintain proper breast implant positioning, but soft enough to not be felt. Problems occur at the extremes, so like Goldilocks the capsule needs to be just right, not too hard and not too soft.
When the Breast Implant Capsule is too soft, it does not provide enough support for the implant. Gravity pulls the implants down when standing or to the side when laying down. The larger the breast implants, the greater the force. Stomach sleeping also pushes the implants apart. A healthy capsule can resist the tendency toward Breast Implant Malposition, but a good bra helps too.
Treatment for implant malposition can include a capsulorrhaphy, to tighten the capsule, and close off the areas where the implant should not be going. If an overly large breast implant in compounding the problem, a smaller implant can help reduce recurrence. The use of an acellular dermal matrix (ADM) has also become more popular as a way to line, reinforce and thicken the capsule.
When the Breast Implant Capsule is too hard, it can compress the implants, and cause Capsular Contracture. Capsular contracture can also result in breast implant malposition. If the capsule is tight only on one side, it will push the breast implant toward the soft side. If the capsule is tight all the way around, it can make the implant feel hard.
Treatment for capsular contracture includes capsulectomy, removing the thickened capsule, and capsulotomy, incising the capsule to allow it to expand. Both these techniques are performed in the operating room. An older, non-operative technique called closed capsulotomy was a way to split the capsule without surgery by forcefully compressing the implant. This has been largely abandoned as it has less predictable results, may lead to uncontrolled bleeding or implant rupture, and violates most breast implant warranties.
The most common types of capsules are grade I followed by grade II. Grade I capsules are soft on not detectable from the outside, Grade II capsules feel firmer, but are not tight enough to cause visual changes. Both usually provide adequate support to allow the breast to age naturally, securely on the chest. If you are considering breast augmentation, or you have breast implants and are considering breast implant revision surgery, give me a call at (925) 943-6353 or contact my Walnut Creek Plastic Surgery Office using the contact form in the left column.